Beijing China History
China's capital has been called Beijing (Bei Jing) for centuries, but that hasn't always been the case. Beijing, also known as Jingshi, was the official capital of the Ming Dynasty, while Nanjing was demoted to secondary capital. In fact, Beijing was the capital during the Qing Dynasty and the Song Dynasty (1368 - 1468), as well as the Han Dynasty.
The Mongols continued to rule until the first Ming emperor razed the city in 1368, and the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Yongle, gave up and changed his name to Beijing in 1403. The following year, he officially moved the capital from Nanjing to Beiping and named it Beijing (northern capital) for the first time. Prince Dorgon established the Qing Dynasty as a direct successor to Ming, and Beijing became China's only capital. After Li Zicheng and his followers were delegitimized in 1453, Dorgeon re-established them as direct successors to Ming, but Beijing remained China's "capital" until the end of his rule.
Beijing was elected the capital of the country during the Chinese Civil War and the Second World War, but it was not able to regain its glory until 1949, when the Republic of China was founded.
Today, it remains at the forefront of China's development, marking memorable moments in its history. Beijing is also home to some of China's most important historical sites, such as the Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City and Tiananmen Square. If you want to learn more, Beijing Urban Planning Hall in Qianmen (southeast corner of Tiananmen Square) has several maps, films and exhibits that show the history of Beijing from its beginnings to the present day and its place in the world.
It should be noted, however, that the Great Wall of China, which has been preserved in some form since the Ming Dynasty, was built in the early 19th century as part of Beijing's urban planning process. Artifacts from the Chinese History Museum, located next to Tiananmen Square, show the history of the city from its beginnings to the present day.
The bridge served the Jin Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties and served as a lifeline between Beijing and the rest of China when it was surrounded by the Japanese in the 1930s. When Mao Zedong gained control of China in 1949 and proclaimed the People's Republic of China, Beijing was tapped as the new country's national capital. On October 1, 1949, the People's Government in Beijing, led by President Hu Jintao and Prime Minister Zhou Enlai, established the People's Republic of China, and Beijing became the newly born capital of China.
Beijing is now known not only as China's Silicon Valley, but also as its capital, and it is one of China's four ancient cities, home to the world's largest number of ancient temples, the Great Wall of China and the Forbidden City. Beijing is the second largest city in China after Beijing, which is itself a city of more than 3.5 million inhabitants and is considered by some to be a city of sorts.
Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world and is home to the largest number of ancient temples, the Great Wall of China and the Forbidden City. Beijing is the capital of six dynasties and is known to be the birthplace of many famous figures such as Emperor Qin Shi Huang and Emperor Gaozhuang. It is also known to be the site of some of Beijing's most important historical events and monuments and one of the six ancient cities in Chinese history with its ancient temple system and ancient city walls.
Beijing's history is made up of various Chinese dynasties fighting for the territory and using Beijing as China's capital, such as the Qin Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty.
Beijing became the capital of China when Emperor Qin Shi Huang united China in 221 BC. During the Ming Dynasty and the majority of the Ging Dynasty, Beijing was a much greener city than it is today and remained so for the duration of time. Although Beijing could not compete with other major cities such as Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Guangdong, it was built on several rivers that ran through the area. Indeed, Beijing became enormously important during the Qing Dynasty, as it has been for most of its history.
At a time when China's transport system was primitive and inadequate, Beijing benefited from being the only major city in the south of the country with a major river, the Yangtze, and from its proximity to the capitals of Guangdong and Guangxi, as well as Guangzhou and Shanghai. During the Qing Dynasty and the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, it was also under strong foreign influence, especially in the times when the Mongols put South Chinese at the bottom of their political hierarchy. After the 1911 revolution that ended Chinese imperial rule and brought the nationalist Kuomintang to power, Beijing remained the center of Chinese history. The Nationalist Party, led by Chiang Kai-shek, renamed Beijing and moved the capital to Nanjing.